一、环境准备

1.1 CentOS7虚拟机:3个Master节点、2node节点

主机信息设置成静态IP,不能设置成DHCP

  • 192.168.79.190 k8s-master01
  • 192.168.79.191 k8s-master02
  • 192.168.79.192 k8s-master03
  • 192.168.79.199 k8s-master-lb
  • 192.168.79.193 k8s-node01
  • 192.168.79.194 k8s-node02

1.2 修改hosts文件

1、使用以下命令修改hostname,每个节点改成需要的主机名

 hostnamectl set-hostname k8s-master01   # 修改hostname
 reboot  # 重启主机生效

2、修改每台主机的hosts文件。随便ping 一台主机,看是否ping通

vim /etc/hosts

# hosts文件追加的内容
192.168.79.190 k8s-master01
192.168.79.191 k8s-master02
192.168.79.192 k8s-master03
192.168.79.199 k8s-master-lb
192.168.79.193 k8s-node01
192.168.79.194 k8s-node02

1.3 修改yum源

如果是新安装的虚拟机,可能使用的国外的yum,下载的时候会很慢。这里使用阿里的yum源。每台主机都执行一下,替换yum源

curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
sed -i -e '/mirrors.cloud.aliyuncs.com/d' -e '/mirrors.aliyuncs.com/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

1.4 安装一些常用的工具

yum install wget jq psmisc vim net-tools telnet yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2 git -y

1.5 关闭一些系统设置

所有节点关闭firewalld 、dnsmasq、selinux(CentOS7需要关闭NetworkManager,CentOS8不需要)

systemctl disable --now firewalld 
systemctl disable --now dnsmasq
systemctl disable --now NetworkManager

setenforce 0
sed -i 's#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g' /etc/sysconfig/selinux
sed -i 's#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g' /etc/selinux/config

所有节点关闭swap分区,fstab注释swap

swapoff -a && sysctl -w vm.swappiness=0
sed -ri '/^[^#]*swap/s@^@#@' /etc/fstab

1.6 同步所有节点时间

安装ntpdate

rpm -ivh http://mirrors.wlnmp.com/centos/wlnmp-release-centos.noarch.rpm
yum install ntpdate -y

所有节点同步时间。时间同步配置如下:

ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
echo 'Asia/Shanghai' >/etc/timezone
ntpdate time2.aliyun.com

加入到crontab

crontab -e

# 加入一下内容
*/5 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate time2.aliyun.com

1.7 所有节点配置limit

ulimit -SHn 65535


vim /etc/security/limits.conf


# 末尾添加如下内容
* soft nofile 655360
* hard nofile 131072
* soft nproc 655350
* hard nproc 655350
* soft memlock unlimited
* hard memlock unlimited 

1.8 配置ssh免密登录

k8s-maste01节点需要配置免密登录到其他节点,后面安装过程中生成配置文件和证书均在k8s-maste01上操作,集群管理也在k8s-maste01上操作

[root@k8s-master01 ~]# ssh-keygen -t rsa
[root@k8s-master01 ~]# for i in k8s-master01 k8s-master02 k8s-master03 k8s-node01 k8s-node02;do ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_rsa.pub $i;done

1.9 升级内核

升级内核到4.19。在k8s-master01节点上执行,然后分发到各个节点

wget http://193.49.22.109/elrepo/kernel/el7/x86_64/RPMS/kernel-ml-devel-4.19.12-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm

wget http://193.49.22.109/elrepo/kernel/el7/x86_64/RPMS/kernel-ml-4.19.12-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm

for i in k8s-master02 k8s-master03 k8s-node01 k8s-node02;do scp kernel-ml-4.19.12-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm kernel-ml-devel-4.19.12-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64.rpm $i:/root/ ; done

所有的节点执行安装内核

cd /root && yum localinstall -y kernel-ml*

所有节点更改内核启动顺序

grub2-set-default  0 && grub2-mkconfig -o /etc/grub2.cfg

grubby --args="user_namespace.enable=1" --update-kernel="$(grubby --default-kernel)"

检查默认内核是不是4.19

grubby --default-kernel

# 结果:
/boot/vmlinuz-4.19.12-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64

所有节点重启,检查内核是否安装成功

uname -a

1.10 ipvs设置

所有节点安装

yum install ipvsadm ipset sysstat conntrack libseccomp -y

添加ipvs配置: vim /etc/modules-load.d/ipvs.conf

ip_vs
ip_vs_lc
ip_vs_wlc
ip_vs_rr
ip_vs_wrr
ip_vs_lblc
ip_vs_lblcr
ip_vs_dh
ip_vs_sh
ip_vs_fo
ip_vs_nq
ip_vs_sed
ip_vs_ftp
ip_vs_sh
nf_conntrack
ip_tables
ip_set
xt_set
ipt_set
ipt_rpfilter
ipt_REJECT
ipip

执行完下面命令后,重启虚拟机

systemctl enable --now systemd-modules-load.service

可以执行命令验证

lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack

开启一些k8s集群中必须的内核参数,所有节点配置k8s内核

cat <<EOF > /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
fs.may_detach_mounts = 1
vm.overcommit_memory=1
vm.panic_on_oom=0
fs.inotify.max_user_watches=89100
fs.file-max=52706963
fs.nr_open=52706963
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max=2310720

net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_probes = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_intvl =15
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 36000
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 327680
net.ipv4.tcp_orphan_retries = 3
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max = 65536
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.core.somaxconn = 16384
EOF

重启验证

sysctl --system

reboot

lsmod | grep --color=auto -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack

1.11 Docker-CE安装

所有节点安装Docker:centos7安装docker

安装Docker-CE的19.03版本

由于新版kubelet建议使用systemd,所以可以把docker的CgroupDriver改成systemd

mkdir /etc/docker
cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
{
 "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"]
}
EOF

所有节点设置开机自启动Docker

systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable --now docker

二、K8S组件介绍

部署在Master节点上的组件:

  • Kube-APIServer:集群的控制中枢,各个模块之间信息交互都需要经过Kube-APIServer,同时它也是集群管理、资源配置、整个集群安全机制的入口。

  • Controller-Manager:集群的状态管理器,保证Pod或其他资源达到期望值,也是需要和APIServer进行通信,在需要的时候创建、更新或删除它所管理的资源。

  • Scheduler:集群的调度中心,它会根据指定的一系列条件,选择一个或一批最佳的节点,然后部署我们的Pod。

部署在Node节点上的组件:

  • Kubelet:负责监听节点上Pod的状态,同时负责上报节点和节点上面Pod的状态,负责与Master节点通信,并管理节点上面的Pod。

  • Kube-proxy:负责Pod之间的通信和负载均衡,将指定的流量分发到后端正确的机器上。

  • 查看Kube-proxy工作模式:curl 127.0.0.1:10249/proxyMode

    • Ipvs:监听Master节点增加和删除service以及endpoint的消息,调用Netlink接口创建相应的IPVS规则。通过IPVS规则,将流量转发至相应的Pod上。
    • Iptables:监听Master节点增加和删除service以及endpoint的消息,对于每一个Service,他都会场景一个iptables规则,将service的clusterIP代理到后端对应的Pod。

K8S的其他组件:

  • Calico:符合CNI标准的网络插件,给每个Pod生成一个唯一的IP地址,并且把每个节点当做一个路由器。

  • Cilium:

  • CoreDNS:用于Kubernetes集群内部Service的解析,可以让Pod把Service名称解析成IP地址,然后通过Service的IP地址进行连接到对应的应用上。

  • Docker:容器引擎,负责对容器的管理。

Etcd:键值(K-V)数据库,报错一些集群的信息,一般生产环境中建议部署三个以上节点(奇数个)。

三、安装K8S和Etcd

下载1.20版本的K8S,1.20版本的changelog:https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/blob/master/CHANGELOG/CHANGELOG-1.20.md

wget https://dl.k8s.io/v1.20.0/kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz

下载Etcd:

wget https://github.com/etcd-io/etcd/releases/download/v3.4.13/etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz

解压缩,etcd仅在master节点安装或者单独的节点,node节点只需要kubelet和kube-proxy

tar -xf kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz  --strip-components=3 -C /usr/local/bin kubernetes/server/bin/kube{let,ctl,-apiserver,-controller-manager,-scheduler,-proxy}


tar -zxvf etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz --strip-components=1 -C /usr/local/bin etcd-v3.4.13-linux-amd64/etcd{,ctl}

查看解压结果

kubelet --version

etcdctl version

3.1 配置证书

在master1上执行

wget "https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64" -O /usr/local/bin/cfssl
wget "https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64" -O /usr/local/bin/cfssljson
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/cfssl /usr/local/bin/cfssljson

3.2 etcd证书

所有master节点创建etcd证书目录

mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl

所有节点创建kubernetes相关目录

mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/pki

在master01节点上执行

etcd-ca-csr.json

{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "etcd",
      "OU": "Etcd Security"
    }
  ],
  "ca": {
    "expiry": "876000h"
  }
}
# 生成etcd CA证书和CA证书的key
cfssl gencert -initca etcd-ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca


cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -hostname=127.0.0.1,192.168.79.190,192.168.79.191,192.168.79.192 \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/etcd/ssl/etcd

将证书复制到其他节点

MasterNodes='k8s-master02 k8s-master03'
WorkNodes='k8s-node01 k8s-node02'

for NODE in $MasterNodes; do
     ssh $NODE "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/ssl"
     for FILE in etcd-ca-key.pem  etcd-ca.pem  etcd-key.pem  etcd.pem; do
       scp /etc/etcd/ssl/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/etcd/ssl/${FILE}
     done
 done

3.3 k8s组件证书

master01上生成Kubernates证书

ca-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "Kubernetes",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ],
  "ca": {
    "expiry": "876000h"
  }
}

front-proxy-ca-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "key": {
     "algo": "rsa",
     "size": 2048
  }
}

ca-config.json:

{
  "signing": {
    "default": {
      "expiry": "876000h"
    },
    "profiles": {
      "kubernetes": {
        "usages": [
            "signing",
            "key encipherment",
            "server auth",
            "client auth"
        ],
        "expiry": "876000h"
      }
    }
  }
}

apiserver-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "kube-apiserver",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "Kubernetes",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

kubelet-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "system:node:$NODE",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:nodes",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

front-proxy-client-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "front-proxy-client",
  "key": {
     "algo": "rsa",
     "size": 2048
  }
}

manager-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "system:kube-controller-manager",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:kube-controller-manager",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

scheduler-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "system:kube-scheduler",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:kube-scheduler",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

admin-csr.json:

{
  "CN": "admin",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Beijing",
      "L": "Beijing",
      "O": "system:masters",
      "OU": "Kubernetes-manual"
    }
  ]
}

生成命令

cfssl gencert -initca ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca

cfssl gencert   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem   -config=ca-config.json   -hostname=10.96.0.1,192.168.79.199,127.0.0.1,kubernetes,kubernetes.default,kubernetes.default.svc,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local,192.168.79.190,192.168.79.191,192.168.79.192   -profile=kubernetes   apiserver-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver


# 生成apiserver的聚合证书。Requestheader-client-xxx  requestheader-allowwd-xxx:aggerator
cfssl gencert   -initca front-proxy-ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca 

cfssl gencert   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca-key.pem   -config=ca-config.json   -profile=kubernetes   front-proxy-client-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client

# 生成controller-manage的证书
cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   manager-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager
   
   
# set-cluster:设置一个集群项,
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --server=https://192.168.79.199:8443 \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig

# set-credentials 设置一个用户项
kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-controller-manager \
     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager.pem \
     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/controller-manager-key.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig

# 设置一个环境项,一个上下文
kubectl config set-context system:kube-controller-manager@kubernetes \
    --cluster=kubernetes \
    --user=system:kube-controller-manager \
    --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig


# 使用某个环境当做默认环境

kubectl config use-context system:kube-controller-manager@kubernetes \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig


cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   scheduler-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler

# 注意,如果不是高可用集群,192.168.79.199:8443改为master01的地址,8443改为apiserver的端口,默认是6443

kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --server=https://192.168.79.199:8443 \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig


kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-scheduler \
     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler.pem \
     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/scheduler-key.pem \
     --embed-certs=true \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-context system:kube-scheduler@kubernetes \
     --cluster=kubernetes \
     --user=system:kube-scheduler \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig


kubectl config use-context system:kube-scheduler@kubernetes \
     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig


cfssl gencert \
   -ca=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
   -config=ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes \
   admin-csr.json | cfssljson -bare /etc/kubernetes/pki/admin

# 注意,如果不是高可用集群,192.168.79.199:8443改为master01的地址,8443改为apiserver的端口,默认是6443

kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.79.199:8443     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-credentials kubernetes-admin     --client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/admin.pem     --client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/admin-key.pem     --embed-certs=true     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig


kubectl config set-context kubernetes-admin@kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=kubernetes-admin     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig


kubectl config use-context kubernetes-admin@kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig

创建ServiceAccount Key secret

openssl genrsa -out /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key 2048

openssl rsa -in /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key -pubout -out /etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub

发送证书至其他节点

for NODE in k8s-master02 k8s-master03; do 
    for FILE in $(ls /etc/kubernetes/pki | grep -v etcd); do 
        scp /etc/kubernetes/pki/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/pki/${FILE};
    done; 
    for FILE in admin.kubeconfig controller-manager.kubeconfig scheduler.kubeconfig; do 
        scp /etc/kubernetes/${FILE} $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/${FILE};
    done;
done

3.4 etcd配置

3.4.1 k8s-master-01

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml

name: 'k8s-master01'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.190:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.190:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.190:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.190:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.79.190:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.79.191:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.79.192:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

3.4.1 k8s-master-02

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml

name: 'k8s-master02'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.191:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.191:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.191:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.191:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.79.190:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.79.191:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.79.192:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

3.4.1 k8s-master-03

vim /etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml

name: 'k8s-master03'
data-dir: /var/lib/etcd
wal-dir: /var/lib/etcd/wal
snapshot-count: 5000
heartbeat-interval: 100
election-timeout: 1000
quota-backend-bytes: 0
listen-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.192:2380'
listen-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.192:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379'
max-snapshots: 3
max-wals: 5
cors:
initial-advertise-peer-urls: 'https://192.168.79.192:2380'
advertise-client-urls: 'https://192.168.79.192:2379'
discovery:
discovery-fallback: 'proxy'
discovery-proxy:
discovery-srv:
initial-cluster: 'k8s-master01=https://192.168.79.190:2380,k8s-master02=https://192.168.79.191:2380,k8s-master03=https://192.168.79.192:2380'
initial-cluster-token: 'etcd-k8s-cluster'
initial-cluster-state: 'new'
strict-reconfig-check: false
enable-v2: true
enable-pprof: true
proxy: 'off'
proxy-failure-wait: 5000
proxy-refresh-interval: 30000
proxy-dial-timeout: 1000
proxy-write-timeout: 5000
proxy-read-timeout: 0
client-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
peer-transport-security:
  cert-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem'
  key-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem'
  peer-client-cert-auth: true
  trusted-ca-file: '/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem'
  auto-tls: true
debug: false
log-package-levels:
log-outputs: [default]
force-new-cluster: false

3.5 创建Etcd启动的service

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/etcd.service

[Unit]
Description=Etcd Service
Documentation=https://coreos.com/etcd/docs/latest/
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=notify
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/etcd --config-file=/etc/etcd/etcd.config.yml
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
Alias=etcd3.service

所有Master节点创建etcd的证书目录

mkdir /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd
ln -s /etc/etcd/ssl/* /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now etcd

查看etcd集群装填

export ETCDCTL_API=3
etcdctl --endpoints="192.168.79.190:2379,192.168.79.191:2379,192.168.79.192:2379" --cacert=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem --cert=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem --key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem  endpoint status --write-out=table

3.6 高可用配置:haproxy和keepalived

安装

yum install keepalived haproxy -y

所有Master配置HAProxy,配置一样

vim /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg 

global
  maxconn  2000
  ulimit-n  16384
  log  127.0.0.1 local0 err
  stats timeout 30s

defaults
  log global
  mode  http
  option  httplog
  timeout connect 5000
  timeout client  50000
  timeout server  50000
  timeout http-request 15s
  timeout http-keep-alive 15s

frontend k8s-master
  bind 0.0.0.0:8443
  bind 127.0.0.1:8443
  mode tcp
  option tcplog
  tcp-request inspect-delay 5s
  default_backend k8s-master

backend k8s-master
  mode tcp
  option tcplog
  option tcp-check
  balance roundrobin
  default-server inter 10s downinter 5s rise 2 fall 2 slowstart 60s maxconn 250 maxqueue 256 weight 100
  server k8s-master01    192.168.79.190:6443  check
  server k8s-master02    192.168.79.191:6443  check
  server k8s-master03    192.168.79.192:6443  check

3.6.1 keepalive和master

所有Master节点配置KeepAlived,配置不一样

k8s-master01:

vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf



! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_apiserver {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh"
    interval 5 
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface ens33
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.79.190
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 101
    nopreempt
    advert_int 2
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass K8SHA_KA_AUTH
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.79.199
    }
    track_script {
      chk_apiserver 
	} 
}

k8s-master02:

vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf


! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_apiserver {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh"
    interval 5 
    weight -5
    fall 2
    rise 1
 
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens33
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.79.191
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    nopreempt
    advert_int 2
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass K8SHA_KA_AUTH
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.79.199
    }
    track_script {
      chk_apiserver 
	}
}

k8s-master03:

vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf


! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id LVS_DEVEL
}
vrrp_script chk_apiserver {
    script "/etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh"
    interval 5
    weight -5
    fall 2  
    rise 1
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP
    interface ens33
    mcast_src_ip 192.168.79.192
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    nopreempt
    advert_int 2
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass K8SHA_KA_AUTH
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        192.168.79.199
    }
    track_script {
      chk_apiserver 
	}
}

3.6.2 健康检查配置

所有master节点

vim /etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh 
 
 
 
#!/bin/bash

err=0
for k in $(seq 1 3)
do
    check_code=$(pgrep haproxy)
    if [[ $check_code == "" ]]; then
        err=$(expr $err + 1)
        sleep 1
        continue
    else
        err=0
        break
    fi
done

if [[ $err != "0" ]]; then
    echo "systemctl stop keepalived"
    /usr/bin/systemctl stop keepalived
    exit 1
else
    exit 0
fi

给脚本权限

chmod +x /etc/keepalived/check_apiserver.sh

重启服务测试

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now haproxy
systemctl enable --now keepalived

# ping一下vip 192.168.79.199
ping 192.168.79.199

3.7 k8s组件配置

3.7.1 ApiServer

所有Master节点创建kube-apiserver.service

3.7.1.1 k8s-master01

vim  /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 


[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.79.190 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.79.190:2379,https://192.168.79.191:2379,https://192.168.79.192:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.7.1.2 k8s-master02

vim  /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 


[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.79.191 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.79.190:2379,https://192.168.79.191:2379,https://192.168.79.192:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.7.1.3 k8s-master03

vim  /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service 


[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-apiserver \
      --v=2  \
      --logtostderr=true  \
      --allow-privileged=true  \
      --bind-address=0.0.0.0  \
      --secure-port=6443  \
      --insecure-port=0  \
      --advertise-address=192.168.79.192 \
      --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12  \
      --service-node-port-range=30000-32767  \
      --etcd-servers=https://192.168.79.190:2379,https://192.168.79.191:2379,https://192.168.79.192:2379 \
      --etcd-cafile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
      --etcd-certfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem  \
      --etcd-keyfile=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem  \
      --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem  \
      --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.pem  \
      --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-key.pem  \
      --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub  \
      --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key  \
      --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local \
      --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname  \
      --enable-admission-plugins=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,DefaultTolerationSeconds,NodeRestriction,ResourceQuota  \
      --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC  \
      --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true  \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem  \
      --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.pem  \
      --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client-key.pem  \
      --requestheader-allowed-names=aggregator  \
      --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group  \
      --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-  \
      --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
      # --token-auth-file=/etc/kubernetes/token.csv

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=10s
LimitNOFILE=65535

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.7.1.4 启动

所有master节点启动kube-apiserver

systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable --now kube-apiserver

# 查看状态
systemctl status kube-apiserver

3.7.2 ControllerManager

所有master节点配置kube-controller-manager.service

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service


[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-controller-manager \
      --v=2 \
      --logtostderr=true \
      --address=127.0.0.1 \
      --root-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
      --cluster-signing-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem \
      --cluster-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca-key.pem \
      --service-account-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key \
      --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.kubeconfig \
      --leader-elect=true \
      --use-service-account-credentials=true \
      --node-monitor-grace-period=40s \
      --node-monitor-period=5s \
      --pod-eviction-timeout=2m0s \
      --controllers=*,bootstrapsigner,tokencleaner \
      --allocate-node-cidrs=true \
      --cluster-cidr=172.16.0.0/12 \
      --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem \
      --node-cidr-mask-size=24
      
Restart=always
RestartSec=10s

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.7.2.1 启动查看状态

所有master节点启动kube-controller-manager

systemctl daemon-reload &&  systemctl enable --now kube-controller-manager && systemctl status kube-controller-manager

3.7.3 Scheduler

所有master节点启动kube-scheduler.service

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service 


[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Scheduler
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-scheduler \
      --v=2 \
      --logtostderr=true \
      --address=127.0.0.1 \
      --leader-elect=true \
      --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.kubeconfig

Restart=always
RestartSec=10s

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.7.3.1 启动

systemctl daemon-reload &&  systemctl enable --now kube-scheduler &&  systemctl status kube-scheduler

3.8 TLS Bootstrapping配置

在k8s-master01上创建bootstrap

bootstrap.secret.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: bootstrap-token-c8ad9c
  namespace: kube-system
type: bootstrap.kubernetes.io/token
stringData:
  description: "The default bootstrap token generated by 'kubelet '."
  token-id: c8ad9c
  token-secret: 2e4d610cf3e7426e
  usage-bootstrap-authentication: "true"
  usage-bootstrap-signing: "true"
  auth-extra-groups:  system:bootstrappers:default-node-token,system:bootstrappers:worker,system:bootstrappers:ingress

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kubelet-bootstrap
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:node-bootstrapper
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:bootstrappers:default-node-token
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: node-autoapprove-bootstrap
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:nodeclient
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:bootstrappers:default-node-token
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: node-autoapprove-certificate-rotation
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:selfnodeclient
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:nodes
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
  name: system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - ""
    resources:
      - nodes/proxy
      - nodes/stats
      - nodes/log
      - nodes/spec
      - nodes/metrics
    verbs:
      - "*"
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: system:kube-apiserver
  namespace: ""
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet
subjects:
  - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
    kind: User
    name: kube-apiserver

--token=c8ad9c.2e4d610cf3e7426e与上面的bootstrap.secret.yaml 一致

kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.79.199:8443     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-credentials tls-bootstrap-token-user     --token=c8ad9c.2e4d610cf3e7426e --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-context tls-bootstrap-token-user@kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=tls-bootstrap-token-user     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig

kubectl config use-context tls-bootstrap-token-user@kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig



mkdir -p /root/.kube ; cp /etc/kubernetes/admin.kubeconfig /root/.kube/config
kubectl create -f bootstrap.secret.yaml
# 结果:
# [root@k8s-master01 bootstrap]# kubectl create -f bootstrap.secret.yaml
secret/bootstrap-token-c8ad9c created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubelet-bootstrap created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/node-autoapprove-bootstrap created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/node-autoapprove-certificate-rotation created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:kube-apiserver-to-kubelet created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:kube-apiserver created
Secret.

3.9 Node节点配置

3.9.1 复制证书

把k8s-master01节点上的证书复制到所有node节点

cd /etc/kubernetes/

for NODE in k8s-master02 k8s-master03 k8s-node01 k8s-node02; do
     ssh $NODE mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/pki /etc/etcd/ssl /etc/etcd/ssl
     for FILE in etcd-ca.pem etcd.pem etcd-key.pem; do
       scp /etc/etcd/ssl/$FILE $NODE:/etc/etcd/ssl/
     done
     for FILE in pki/ca.pem pki/ca-key.pem pki/front-proxy-ca.pem bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig; do
       scp /etc/kubernetes/$FILE $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/${FILE}
 	done
done

3.9.2 kubelet配置

所有节点创建相关目录

mkdir -p /var/lib/kubelet /var/log/kubernetes /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d /etc/kubernetes/manifests/


kubectl create clusterrolebinding kube-apiserver:kubelet-apis --clusterrole=system:kubelet-api-admin --user kubernetes

所有的节点都配置kubelet

vim  /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service



[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet

Restart=always
StartLimitInterval=0
RestartSec=10

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

所有节点配置kubelet service的配置文件

vim /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubelet.conf


[Service]
Environment="KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS=--bootstrap-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.kubeconfig"
Environment="KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS=--network-plugin=cni --cni-conf-dir=/etc/cni/net.d --cni-bin-dir=/opt/cni/bin"
Environment="KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS=--config=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml --pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause-amd64:3.2"
Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--node-labels=node.kubernetes.io/node='' "
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet $KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS $KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS

创建kubelet的配置文件。如果更改了k8s的service网段,需要更改kubelet-conf.yml 的clusterDNS:配置,改成k8s Service网段的第十个地址

vim /etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml



apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: KubeletConfiguration
address: 0.0.0.0
port: 10250
readOnlyPort: 10255
authentication:
  anonymous:
    enabled: false
  webhook:
    cacheTTL: 2m0s
    enabled: true
  x509:
    clientCAFile: /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem
authorization:
  mode: Webhook
  webhook:
    cacheAuthorizedTTL: 5m0s
    cacheUnauthorizedTTL: 30s
cgroupDriver: systemd
cgroupsPerQOS: true
clusterDNS:
- 10.96.0.10
clusterDomain: cluster.local
containerLogMaxFiles: 5
containerLogMaxSize: 10Mi
contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
cpuCFSQuota: true
cpuManagerPolicy: none
cpuManagerReconcilePeriod: 10s
enableControllerAttachDetach: true
enableDebuggingHandlers: true
enforceNodeAllocatable:
- pods
eventBurst: 10
eventRecordQPS: 5
evictionHard:
  imagefs.available: 15%
  memory.available: 100Mi
  nodefs.available: 10%
  nodefs.inodesFree: 5%
evictionPressureTransitionPeriod: 5m0s
failSwapOn: true
fileCheckFrequency: 20s
hairpinMode: promiscuous-bridge
healthzBindAddress: 127.0.0.1
healthzPort: 10248
httpCheckFrequency: 20s
imageGCHighThresholdPercent: 85
imageGCLowThresholdPercent: 80
imageMinimumGCAge: 2m0s
iptablesDropBit: 15
iptablesMasqueradeBit: 14
kubeAPIBurst: 10
kubeAPIQPS: 5
makeIPTablesUtilChains: true
maxOpenFiles: 1000000
maxPods: 110
nodeStatusUpdateFrequency: 10s
oomScoreAdj: -999
podPidsLimit: -1
registryBurst: 10
registryPullQPS: 5
resolvConf: /etc/resolv.conf
rotateCertificates: true
runtimeRequestTimeout: 2m0s
serializeImagePulls: true
staticPodPath: /etc/kubernetes/manifests
streamingConnectionIdleTimeout: 4h0m0s
syncFrequency: 1m0s
volumeStatsAggPeriod: 1m0s

启动所有节点kubelet

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable --now kubelet
systemctl status kubelet

查看是否有错误日志

/var/log/messages

查看k8s集群状态

kubectl get node

3.10 kube-proxy配置

kube-proxy.conf

apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
bindAddress: 0.0.0.0
clientConnection:
  acceptContentTypes: ""
  burst: 10
  contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
  kubeconfig: /etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
  qps: 5
clusterCIDR: 172.16.0.0/12
configSyncPeriod: 15m0s
conntrack:
  max: null
  maxPerCore: 32768
  min: 131072
  tcpCloseWaitTimeout: 1h0m0s
  tcpEstablishedTimeout: 24h0m0s
enableProfiling: false
healthzBindAddress: 0.0.0.0:10256
hostnameOverride: ""
iptables:
  masqueradeAll: false
  masqueradeBit: 14
  minSyncPeriod: 0s
  syncPeriod: 30s
ipvs:
  masqueradeAll: true
  minSyncPeriod: 5s
  scheduler: "rr"
  syncPeriod: 30s
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
metricsBindAddress: 127.0.0.1:10249
mode: "ipvs"
nodePortAddresses: null
oomScoreAdj: -999
portRange: ""
udpIdleTimeout: 250ms

kube-proxy.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: kube-proxy
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    app: kube-proxy
data:
  config.conf: |-
    apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
    kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0
    clientConnection:
      acceptContentTypes: ""
      burst: 10
      contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
      kubeconfig: /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig.conf
      qps: 5
    clusterCIDR: 172.16.0.0/12
    configSyncPeriod: 15m0s
    conntrack:
      maxPerCore: 32768
      min: 131072
      tcpCloseWaitTimeout: 1h0m0s
      tcpEstablishedTimeout: 24h0m0s
    enableProfiling: false
    healthzBindAddress: 0.0.0.0:10256
    hostnameOverride: ""
    iptables:
      masqueradeAll: false
      masqueradeBit: 14
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      syncPeriod: 30s
    ipvs:
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      scheduler: rr
      syncPeriod: 30s
    metricsBindAddress: 127.0.0.1:10249
    mode: ipvs
    featureGates:
      SupportIPVSProxyMode: true
    oomScoreAdj: -999
    portRange: ""
    resourceContainer: /kube-proxy
    udpIdleTimeout: 250ms
  kubeconfig.conf: |-
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Config
    clusters:
    - cluster:
        certificate-authority: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
        server: {{KUBE_APISERVER}}
      name: default
    contexts:
    - context:
        cluster: default
        namespace: default
        user: default
      name: default
    current-context: default
    users:
    - name: default
      user:
        tokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: kube-proxy
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: system:kube-proxy
  labels:
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kube-proxy
    namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:node-proxier
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-proxy
  name: kube-proxy
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kube-proxy
  template:
    metadata:
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ""
      labels:
        k8s-app: kube-proxy
    spec:
      serviceAccount: kube-proxy
      serviceAccountName: kube-proxy
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      tolerations:
      - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
        operator: Exists
      - effect: NoSchedule
        key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
      - key: node.kubernetes.io/not-ready
        operator: Exists
        effect: NoSchedule
      hostNetwork: true
      containers:
      - name: kube-proxy
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy-amd64:v1.11.3
        command:
        - /usr/local/bin/kube-proxy
        - --config=/var/lib/kube-proxy/config.conf
        securityContext:
          privileged: true
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /var/lib/kube-proxy
          name: kube-proxy
        - mountPath: /run/xtables.lock
          name: xtables-lock
        - mountPath: /lib/modules
          name: lib-modules
          readOnly: true
      volumes:
      - configMap:
          defaultMode: 420
          name: kube-proxy
        name: kube-proxy
      - hostPath:
          path: /run/xtables.lock
          type: FileOrCreate
        name: xtables-lock
      - hostPath:
          path: /lib/modules
          type: ""
        name: lib-modules

kube-proxy.service

[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kube Proxy
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-proxy \
  --config=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.conf \
  --v=2

Restart=always
RestartSec=10s

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

在k8s-master01上执行

cd /root/k8s-ha-install

kubectl -n kube-system create serviceaccount kube-proxy

kubectl create clusterrolebinding system:kube-proxy         --clusterrole system:node-proxier         --serviceaccount kube-system:kube-proxy
SECRET=$(kubectl -n kube-system get sa/kube-proxy \
    --output=jsonpath='{.secrets[0].name}')
JWT_TOKEN=$(kubectl -n kube-system get secret/$SECRET \
--output=jsonpath='{.data.token}' | base64 -d)
PKI_DIR=/etc/kubernetes/pki
K8S_DIR=/etc/kubernetes

kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes     --certificate-authority=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.pem     --embed-certs=true     --server=https://192.168.79.199:8443     --kubeconfig=${K8S_DIR}/kube-proxy.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-credentials kubernetes     --token=${JWT_TOKEN}     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig

kubectl config set-context kubernetes     --cluster=kubernetes     --user=kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig

kubectl config use-context kubernetes     --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig

在k8s-master01将kube-proxy的systemd Service文件发送到其他节点

for NODE in k8s-master01 k8s-master02 k8s-master03; do
     scp ${K8S_DIR}/kube-proxy.kubeconfig $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.conf $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.conf
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.service $NODE:/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
 done



 
for NODE in k8s-node01 k8s-node02; do
     scp /etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.kubeconfig
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.conf $NODE:/etc/kubernetes/kube-proxy.conf
     scp kube-proxy/kube-proxy.service $NODE:/usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
 done

所有节点启动kube-proxy

systemctl daemon-reload

systemctl enable --now kube-proxy

systemctl status kube-proxy

3.11 安装Calico

在k8s-master01上操作

cd /root/k8s-ha-install/calico/
sed -i 's#etcd_endpoints: "http://<ETCD_IP>:<ETCD_PORT>"#etcd_endpoints: "https://192.168.79.190:2379,https://192.168.79.191:2379,https://192.168.79.192:2379"#g' calico-etcd.yaml


ETCD_CA=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-ca.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`
ETCD_CERT=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`
ETCD_KEY=`cat /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/etcd-key.pem | base64 | tr -d '\n'`

sed -i "s@# etcd-key: null@etcd-key: ${ETCD_KEY}@g; s@# etcd-cert: null@etcd-cert: ${ETCD_CERT}@g; s@# etcd-ca: null@etcd-ca: ${ETCD_CA}@g" calico-etcd.yaml


sed -i 's#etcd_ca: ""#etcd_ca: "/calico-secrets/etcd-ca"#g; s#etcd_cert: ""#etcd_cert: "/calico-secrets/etcd-cert"#g; s#etcd_key: "" #etcd_key: "/calico-secrets/etcd-key" #g' calico-etcd.yaml

# 更改此处为自己的pod网段
POD_SUBNET="172.16.0.0/12"

sed -i 's@# - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR@- name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR@g; s@#   value: "192.168.79.0/16"@  value: '"${POD_SUBNET}"'@g' calico-etcd.yaml

kubectl apply -f calico-etcd.yaml


kubectl  get po -n kube-system

3.12 CoreDNS

sed -i "s#10.96.0.10#10.96.0.10#g" CoreDNS/coredns.yaml

kubectl  create -f CoreDNS/coredns.yaml 

kubectl get po -n kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns

最新版下载

git clone https://github.com/coredns/deployment.git
cd deployment/kubernetes
# ./deploy.sh -s -i 10.96.0.10 | kubectl apply -f 
serviceaccount/coredns created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:coredns created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:coredns created
configmap/coredns created
deployment.apps/coredns created
service/kube-dns created

#查看状态
kubectl get po -n kube-system -l k8s-app=kube-dns

3.13 安装Metrics Server

comp.yaml:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-admin: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
  name: system:aggregated-metrics-reader
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - metrics.k8s.io
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: system:metrics-server
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - ""
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - nodes/stats
      - namespaces
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server-auth-reader
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: extension-apiserver-authentication-reader
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server:system:auth-delegator
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:auth-delegator
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: system:metrics-server
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:metrics-server
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  ports:
    - name: https
      port: 443
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: https
  selector:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: metrics-server
  strategy:
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 0
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: metrics-server
    spec:
      containers:
        - args:
            - --cert-dir=/tmp
            - --secure-port=4443
            - --metric-resolution=30s
            - --kubelet-insecure-tls
            - --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname
            - --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.pem # change to front-proxy-ca.crt for kubeadm
            - --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
            - --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group
            - --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-
          image: registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/dotbalo/metrics-server:v0.4.1 #镜像仓库
          imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
          livenessProbe:
            failureThreshold: 3
            httpGet:
              path: /livez
              port: https
              scheme: HTTPS
            periodSeconds: 10
          name: metrics-server
          ports:
            - containerPort: 4443
              name: https
              protocol: TCP
          readinessProbe:
            failureThreshold: 3
            httpGet:
              path: /readyz
              port: https
              scheme: HTTPS
            periodSeconds: 10
          securityContext:
            readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
            runAsNonRoot: true
            runAsUser: 1000
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /tmp
              name: tmp-dir
            - name: ca-ssl
              mountPath: /etc/kubernetes/pki
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      serviceAccountName: metrics-server
      volumes:
        - emptyDir: {}
          name: tmp-dir
        - name: ca-ssl
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/kubernetes/pki
---
apiVersion: apiregistration.k8s.io/v1
kind: APIService
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  name: v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io
spec:
  group: metrics.k8s.io
  groupPriorityMinimum: 100
  insecureSkipTLSVerify: true
  service:
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
  version: v1beta1
  versionPriority: 100

安装

cd /root/k8s-ha-install/metrics-server-0.4.x/

kubectl  create -f . 

kubectl  top node

3.14 集群验证

验证的东西:

  • Pod必须能解析Service
  • Pod必须能解析跨namespace的Service
  • 每个节点都必须要能访问Kubernetes的kubernetes svc 443和kube-dns的service 53
  • Pod和Pod之前要能通
    • 同namespace能通信
    • 跨namespace能通信
    • 跨机器能通信

安装busybox

cat<<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: busybox
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - name: busybox
    image: busybox:1.28
    command:
      - sleep
      - "3600"
    imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
  restartPolicy: Always
EOF

同NameService解析

[root@k8s-master01 dashboard]# kubectl exec  busybox -n default -- nslookup kubernetes
Server:    10.96.0.10
Address 1: 10.96.0.10 kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local

Name:      kubernetes
Address 1: 10.96.0.1 kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local

跨NameService解析

[root@k8s-master01 dashboard]# kubectl exec  busybox -n default -- nslookup kube-dns.kube-system
Server:    10.96.0.10
Address 1: 10.96.0.10 kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local

Name:      kube-dns.kube-system
Address 1: 10.96.0.10 kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local

进入一个pod ping其他的pod的ip

kubectl exec -it busybox -- sh

四、安装Dashboard

cd /root/k8s-ha-install/dashboard/


kubectl  create -f .

安装最新版

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/dashboard/v2.0.3/aio/deploy/recommended.yaml

vim admin.yaml

kubectl apply -f admin.yaml -n kube-system

admin.yaml:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding 
metadata: 
  name: admin-user
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

chrome浏览器无法访问,在启动命令里面添加:

--test-type --ignore-certificate-errors

更改dashboard的svc为NodePort:

kubectl edit svc kubernetes-dashboard -n kubernetes-dashboard

查看hashboard

 kubectl get svc kubernetes-dashboard -n kubernetes-dashboard

登录查看,使用token方式登录,下面时获取token

kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}')

各个节点telnet 测试一下service的ip是否通,还有coreDNS

[root@k8s-master01 dashboard]# telnet 10.96.0.1 443
Trying 10.96.0.1...
Connected to 10.96.0.1.
Escape character is '^]'.
^CConnection closed by foreign host.


[root@k8s-master01 dashboard]# telnet 10.96.0.10 53
Trying 10.96.0.10...
Connected to 10.96.0.10.
Escape character is '^]'.
Connection closed by foreign host.

五、生产环境的一些配置建议

vim /etc/docker/daemon.json
{  "registry-mirrors": [
    "https://registry.docker-cn.com",
    "http://hub-mirror.c.163.com",
    "https://docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn"
  ],
 "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],
 "max-concurrent-downloads": 10,  "max-concurrent-uploads": 5,  "log-opts": {    "max-size": "300m",    "max-file": "2"  },  "live-restore": true } 
vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service 

# --feature-gates=RotateKubeletClientCertificate=true,RotateKubeletServerCertificate=true \ 自动签发证书,新版默认是true
--cluster-signing-duration=876000h0m0s \
vim /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubelet.conf 




[Service] 
Environment="KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS=--kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.kubeconfig --bootstrap-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.kubeconfig" 
Environment="KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS=--network-plugin=cni --cni-conf-dir=/etc/cni/net.d --cni-bin-dir=/opt/cni/bin" 
Environment="KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS=--config=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml  --pod-infra-container-image=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause-amd64:3.1" 
Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--tls-cipher-suites=TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384    --image-pull-progress-deadline=30m" 
ExecStart= 
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet $KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_SYSTEM_ARGS $KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS 
vim /etc/kubernetes/kubelet-conf.yml

rotateServerCertificates: true
allowedUnsafeSysctls:
 - "net.core*"
 - "net.ipv4.*"
kubeReserved:
  cpu: "10m"
  memory: 1Gi
  ephemeral-storage: 10Gi
systemReserved:
  cpu: "1"
  memory: 1Gi
  ephemeral-storage: 10Gi

生产环境中etcd一定要和系统盘分开,一定要用ssd硬盘。

Docker数据盘也要和系统盘分开,有条件的话可以使用ssd硬盘